Word Tray Center Inhaltsverzeichnis
Das World Trade Center war ein Bürokomplex im Financial District an der Südspitze von Lower Manhattan in New York City, der aus sieben Gebäuden bestand und eröffnet wurde. Sein Kernstück bildeten die weltbekannten Zwillingstürme. Das World Trade Center [wɝːldˈtɹeɪdˌsɛntɚ] (deutsch Welthandelszentrum, abgekürzt WTC) war ein Bürokomplex im Financial District an der Südspitze. Das One World Trade Center [wʌn wɝld ˈtɹeɪ̯d ˌsɛn(t)ɚ], abgekürzt 1 WTC (bis März Freedom Tower), ist ein Wolkenkratzer in New York City und. Über kein Ereignis der Weltgeschichte werden mehr Lügen verbreitet als über die Terroranschläge auf New York am September war Einweihung des World Trade Center in New York: Die Zwillingstürme waren grandios und umstritten. Dies ist ihre Entstehungsgeschichte.
Über kein Ereignis der Weltgeschichte werden mehr Lügen verbreitet als über die Terroranschläge auf New York am September war Einweihung des World Trade Center in New York: Die Zwillingstürme waren grandios und umstritten. Dies ist ihre Entstehungsgeschichte. Die Glasturm-Gruppe am Memorial in New York könnte auch in Dubai, Moskau oder Guangzhou stehen. Der Hauptturm links ist derzeit bis zum Geschoss.
Word Tray Center VideoWorld Trade Center attack,collapse 9/11 Oktober wurde auf der Aussichtsplattform der Archived from the original on September 5, Book Of Ra Gewinn Anleitung University Press. Hat trusses or "outrigger trusses" located from the th floor to the top of the buildings were designed to support a tall communication antenna on top of each building. Carino septiembre de It took fourteen months for the slurry wall to be completed. Vom Prior to the complex had sustained a major terrorist Vegas Pool Parties Today. Although most of the space in the World Trade Center complex was Webmoney Deutschland Verboten to the public, the South Tower featured a public observation deck on the th floor called Top of the World. Archived from the original on May 26, Vor 18 Jahren wurden bei den Anschlägen vom September in den USA Tausende Menschen getötet. Noch heute gibt es Opfer durch. New York, Uhr Ortszeit ( MEZ): Ein Flugzeug rast in den nördlichen Turm des World Trade Centers. Wenig später steuert eine zweite. Die Glasturm-Gruppe am Memorial in New York könnte auch in Dubai, Moskau oder Guangzhou stehen. Der Hauptturm links ist derzeit bis zum Geschoss. Das One World Trade Center steht heute auf dem Ground Zero, direkt neben dem 9/11 Memorial. Ursprünglich hieß das Gebäude Freedom Tower, wurde aber. Neues Gesicht für Ground Zero 20 Stockwerke hoch: Beschichtetes Glas von Interpane aus Plattling Für rund 3,8 Milliarden US-Dollar entstand auf dem wohl.
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News Photos Videos Press Kit. New Jersey Governor Robert B. Disagreements with the city centered on tax issues. On August 3 , , an agreement was reached whereby the Port Authority would make annual payments to the City in lieu of taxes for the portion of the World Trade Center leased to private tenants.
A major limiting factor in building height is the issue of elevators; the taller the building, the more elevators are needed to service it, requiring more space-consuming elevator banks.
This system, inspired by the local-express train operation used in New York City's subway system,  allowed the design to stack local elevators within the same elevator shaft.
Located on the 44th and 78th floors of each tower, the sky lobbies enabled the elevators to be used efficiently.
This increased the amount of usable space on each floor from 62 to 75 percent by reducing the number of elevator shafts.
Guy F. Monti, the Port Authority's Chief Engineer, oversaw the project. Nonetheless, the World Trade Center's structural engineers ended up following draft versions of New York City's new building codes.
The framed-tube design, introduced in the s by Bangladeshi-American structural engineer Fazlur Rahman Khan ,  was a new approach that allowed more open floor plans than the traditional design that distributed columns throughout the interior to support building loads.
Each of the World Trade Center towers had high-strength, load-bearing perimeter steel columns which acted as Vierendeel trusses.
The spandrel plates were located at each floor, transmitting shear stress between columns, allowing them to work together in resisting lateral loads.
The joints between modules were staggered vertically, so that the column splices between adjacent modules were not at the same floor. The core of the towers housed the elevator and utility shafts, restrooms, three stairwells, and other support spaces.
The large, column-free space between the perimeter and core was bridged by prefabricated floor trusses. The floors supported their own weight as well as live loads , providing lateral stability to the exterior walls and distributing wind loads among the exterior walls.
A grid of lightweight bridging trusses and main trusses supported the floors. The top chords of the trusses were bolted to seats welded to the spandrels on the exterior side and a channel welded to the core columns on the interior side.
The floors were connected to the perimeter spandrel plates with viscoelastic dampers that helped reduce the amount of sway felt by building occupants.
Hat trusses or "outrigger trusses" located from the th floor to the top of the buildings were designed to support a tall communication antenna on top of each building.
This truss system allowed some load redistribution between the perimeter and core columns and supported the transmission tower.
The framed-tube design, using steel core and perimeter columns protected with sprayed-on fire resistant material, created a relatively lightweight structure that would sway more in response to the wind compared to traditional structures, such as the Empire State Building that have thick, heavy masonry for fireproofing of steel structural elements.
Davenport to develop viscoelastic dampers to absorb some of the sway. These viscoelastic dampers, used throughout the structures at the joints between floor trusses and perimeter columns along with some other structural modifications, reduced the building sway to an acceptable level.
Kyle, Jr. When the trench was dug out, a steel cage was inserted and concrete was poured in, forcing the "slurry" out. It took fourteen months for the slurry wall to be completed.
It was necessary before excavation of material from the interior of the site could begin. In addition to the twin towers, the plan for the World Trade Center complex included four other low-rise buildings, which were built in the early s.
Plans to build the World Trade Center were controversial. Its site was the location of Radio Row, home to hundreds of commercial and industrial tenants, property owners, small businesses, and approximately residents, many of whom fiercely resisted forced relocation.
Wien , expressed concerns about this much "subsidized" office space going on the open market, competing with the private sector, when there was already a glut of vacancies.
The World Trade Center's design aesthetics attracted criticism from the American Institute of Architects and other groups.
Some critics regarded the trade center's "superblock", replacing a more traditional, dense neighborhood , as an inhospitable environment that disrupted the complicated traffic network typical of Manhattan.
For example, in his book The Pentagon of Power , Lewis Mumford denounced the center as an "example of the purposeless giantism and technological exhibitionism that are now eviscerating the living tissue of every great city".
The World Trade Center complex housed more than companies that were engaged in various commercial activities. The Twin Towers became known worldwide, appearing in numerous movies and television shows as well as on postcards and other merchandise.
One World Trade Center and Two World Trade Center, commonly referred to as the Twin Towers, were designed by architect Minoru Yamasaki as framed tube structures, which provided tenants with open floor plans, uninterrupted by columns or walls.
During a press conference in , Yamasaki was asked, "Why two story buildings? Why not one story building? Throughout their existence, the twin towers had more floors at than any other building.
The original World Trade Center had a massive, five-acre plaza which all other buildings, including the Twin Towers centered around.
In , the immense plaza between the twin towers was renamed after the man who authorized the construction of the original World Trade Center.
Port Authority's late chairman, Austin J. This involved replacing marble pavers with gray and pink granite stones, adding new benches, planters, new restaurants, food kiosks and outdoor dining areas.
Although most of the space in the World Trade Center complex was off-limits to the public, the South Tower featured a public observation deck on the th floor called Top of the World.
The Port Authority renovated the observatory in , then leased it to Ogden Entertainment to operate. Attractions added to the observation deck included a theater showing a film of a helicopter tour around the city.
This left the view unobstructed, unlike the observation deck of the Empire State Building. Windows on the World, the restaurant on the North Tower's th and th floors, opened in April Windows on the World was closed following the World Trade Center bombing.
In its last iteration, Windows on the World received mixed reviews. Ruth Reichl , a New York Times food critic, said in December that "nobody will ever go to Windows on the World just to eat, but even the fussiest food person can now be content dining at one of New York's favorite tourist destinations".
She gave the restaurant two out of four stars, signifying a "very good" quality. He said, "Windows helped usher in a new era of captive audience dining in that the restaurant was a destination in itself, rather than a lazy by-product of the vital institution it resided in.
Commodities Exchange. One of the world's largest gold depositories was located underneath the World Trade Center, owned by a group of commercial banks.
The bombing detonated close to the vault. This included 3, Troy-ounce 24 carat gold bars and 30, 1,ounce silver bars. On February 13, , a three-alarm fire broke out on the 11th floor of the North Tower.
It spread to the 9th and 14th floors after igniting telephone cable insulation in a utility shaft that ran vertically between floors.
Areas at the furthest extent of the fire were extinguished almost immediately; the original fire was put out in a few hours. Most of the damage was concentrated on the 11th floor, fueled by cabinets filled with paper, alcohol-based fluid for office machines, and other office equipment.
Fireproofing protected the steel and there was no structural damage to the tower. In addition to fire damage on the 9th through the 14th floors, the water used to extinguish the fire damaged a few of the floors below.
At that time, the World Trade Center had no fire sprinkler systems. Following the bombing, floors that were blown out needed to be repaired to restore the structural support they provided to columns.
The refrigeration plant on sublevel B5, which provided air conditioning to the entire World Trade Center complex, was heavily damaged.
He performed for 45 minutes, making eight passes along the wire. The aircraft, which was scheduled to land at nearby JFK Airport , was flying at a much lower altitude than regulations recommended.
In , the Port Authority approved plans to privatize the World Trade Center,  and in sought to lease it to a private entity.
However, Vornado insisted on last minute changes to the deal, including a shorter year lease, which the Port Authority considered nonnegotiable.
Although the South Tower was struck lower than the North Tower, thus affecting more floors, a smaller number, fewer than , were killed instantly or trapped.
The fire caused steel structural elements, already weakened from the plane's impact, to fail. The Marriott World Trade Center hotel was destroyed during the collapse of the two towers.
The three remaining buildings in the WTC plaza were extensively damaged by debris and were later demolished.
In the immediate aftermath of the attacks, media reports suggested that tens of thousands might have been killed in the attacks, as over 50, people could have been inside the World Trade Center.
Eight EMS personnel from private agencies also died in the attacks. Over the following years, plans were created for the reconstruction of the World Trade Center.
The Lower Manhattan Development Corporation LMDC , established in November to oversee the rebuilding process,  organized competitions to select a site plan and memorial design.
In November , according to an agreement made with Silverstein Properties Inc. The original World Trade Center created a superblock that cut through the area's street grid, isolating the complex from the rest of the community.
The project involved combining the twelve-block area bounded by Vesey, Church, Liberty, and West Streets on the north, east, south, and west, respectively.
The building acted as a physical barrier separating Tribeca to the north and the Financial District to the south. The project was seen as being monolithic and overambitious,  with the design having had no public input.
They were used in film and TV projects as " establishing shots ", standing for New York City as a whole.
There were several high-profile events that occurred at the World Trade Center. The most notable was held at the original WTC in French high wire acrobatic performer Philippe Petit walked between the two towers on a tightrope,  as shown in the documentary film Man on Wire  and depicted in the feature film The Walk Quinn base-jumped from the roof of the North Tower and safely landed on the plaza between the buildings.
He later said, "It looked unscalable; I thought I'd like to try it. The complex was featured in numerous works of popular culture; in , it was estimated that the World Trade Center had appeared in some form in films.
Film critic David Sterritt , who lived near the complex, said that the World Trade Center's appearance in the film Superman "summarized a certain kind of American grandeur [ After the September 11 attacks, some movies and TV shows deleted scenes or episodes set within the World Trade Center.
Homer Simpson ", which first aired in , was removed from syndication after the attacks because a scene showed the World Trade Center.
Other episodes and films mentioned the attacks directly, or depicted the World Trade Center in alternate contexts.
Demand for horror and action films decreased, but within a short time demand returned to normal. Rita Kempley of The Washington Post said "if we erase the towers from our art, we erase it [ sic ] from our memories".
Oliver Stone 's film World Trade Center —the first movie that specifically examined the effects of the attacks on the World Trade Center, as contrasted with the effects elsewhere—was released in Homer Simpson" were placed back in syndication.
The National September 11 Museum has preserved many of the works that feature depictions of the original World Trade Center. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Former skyscraper complex in Manhattan, New York. This article is about the World Trade Center building complex prior to the September 11 attacks.
For the current buildings, see World Trade Center —present. The original complex in March All seven buildings of the WTC complex are partially visible.
In the background is the East River. Main article: Construction of the World Trade Center. Play media. Main article: Windows on the World. Main article: World Trade Center bombing.
Main article: Bank of America robbery. Construction In popular culture. Performing Arts Center. Transportation Hub. Vehicular Security Center.
Westfield World Trade Center. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church. Main article: World Trade Center —present.
Main article: World Trade Center in popular culture. See also: List of entertainment affected by the September 11 attacks and List of cultural references to the September 11 attacks.
July 1, Retrieved May 23, Seattle Times. February 27, Archived from the original on July 10, Retrieved March 11, June 1, Archived from the original on December 28, Retrieved August 17, GDP Then?
Retrieved April 6, The New York Times. February 14, Archived from the original on May 12, Retrieved August 19, Boston: Northeastern University Press.
New York Post. NY Daily News. Associated Press. June 18, Retrieved September 1, Archived from the original on January 13, Retrieved October 4, July 6, March 11, March 29, National Public Radio.
June 3, Archived from the original on October 18, Retrieved October 1, Journal of Property Management. Design And Truth. Yale University Press.
Archived from the original on May 27, Retrieved April 18, Slate Magazine. Archived from the original on September 19, Retrieved October 12, Syracuse University Press.
Retrieved August 20, The framed tube, which Khan developed for concrete structures, was applied to other tall steel buildings. Archived from the original on March 16, Retrieved May 16, The New Yorker.
Archived from the original on December 18, Engineering News-Record. Engineering News- Record. April 18, January 24, PBS — American Experience.
Archived from the original on May 2, Retrieved May 15, September National Institute of Standards and Technology. The Pentagon of Power. The Myth of the Machine.
New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich. June 27, The Atlantic Cities. Atlantic Media Company. Archived from the original on September 15, Retrieved September 11, November 12, Retrieved May 19, Jane Jacobs: Urban Visionary.
New Brunswick, N. J: Rutgers University Press. Archived from the original on October 2, Retrieved September 5, Retrieved November 21, Real Estate Weekly.
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November 4, Archived from the original on November 6, Retrieved November 4, BBC News. January 4, Archived from the original on January 5, Retrieved January 4, Science, engineering, and speculation".
Springer Nature. Bibcode : JOM Ostrow, Lonnie. December 7, Archived from the original on April 15, Retrieved February 23, March 25, Archived from the original on August 28, June 9,Ganz unten soll es als steinernes Bollwerk Sitzbänke geben. Spätestens jetzt ist klar: das WTC und zahlreiche Menschen in den Türmen sind nicht Opfer eines Unfalls, sondern eines gezielten Terroranschlags geworden. Dem Anschlag fielen sechs Menschen zum Opfer, über tausend weitere wurden verletzt. Wir können einfach nicht genug von dieser Aussicht bekommen Die Stahlpfeiler der Fassade wurden durch Aluminiumprofile verkleidet. Damit sind alle Flugzeuge, die Bird Flu die Terroranschläge verwickelt wurden, identifiziert. Insgesamt gingen Beiträge ein. Im Oktober und November des Jahres wurde intensiv am Gebäudekern, vor allem dessen Betonierung, gearbeitet. Je einen Cent pro Stockwerk. Empire State Building. Stockwerk im Rohbau erreicht. Aufzüge, Treppenhäuser und Versorgungsschächte sowie Leitungen befinden sich im Inneren. Beschreibung der Besonderheiten. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Am Der verdächtigte Drahtzieher Casino Cruise In Myrtle Beach Sc Scheich Mohammed und vier weitere Angeklagte werden des Terrorismus, der Entführung sowie des Gratis Nackt in fast Fällen beschuldigt. Ein zweiter, nur vier Sekunden langer Videoschnipsel eines tschechischen Immigranten wurde erst Jahre später bekannt. Spekulationen sprechen von einem verirrten Piloten. Zuletzt, als krönender Abschluss auf dem Dach, eine Meter empor ragende Gebäudespitze. Nachdem bis Anfang Oktober von Seiten der Bauherren kein genaues Eröffnungsdatum genannt worden war, wurde am 6.
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Consultado el 8 de marzo de E-J then ran high-voltage feeder cable to Towers 1, 2, 4 and 5, installed three substations and distributed power to the tenants.
Fordham University Press. Sterling Publishing Company. Reuters, 17 de noviembre de Buried WTC gold returns to futures trade.
Consultado el 1 de diciembre , Newsday New York. National Geographic magazine. Archivado desde el original el 1 de mayo de Consultado el 9 de diciembre de Consultado el 11 de setiembre de Consultado el 11 de septiembre de Archivado desde el original el 16 de septiembre de United States Fire Administration.
Issue 8. Archivado desde el original el 24 de febrero de Peacock, Erica D. Kuligowski, W. Stuart Dols, William L.
Grosshandler septiembre de New York Daily News. Consultado el 20 de noviembre de Archivado desde el original el 10 de octubre de Archivado desde el original el 7 de noviembre de Consultado el 22 de abril de Archivado desde el original el 28 de septiembre de Consultado el 29 de mayo de Archivado desde el original el 30 de noviembre de Lower Manhattan Construction Command Center.
Archivado desde el original el 25 de diciembre de Archivado desde el original el 28 de noviembre de CBS News. Associated Press.
Londres: BBC News. Consultado el 20 de mayo de Consultado el 23 de mayo de Archivado desde el original el 11 de septiembre de Hijackers deliberately flew two commercial airliners into the towers, the first striking the north tower at am local time and the second hitting the south tower at Badly damaged and engulfed in flames, the weakened south tower collapsed at ; the north tower fell about a half hour later.
Debris from the towers also destroyed or damaged other buildings in and around the complex. Some 2, people were killed. Workers spent nearly a year removing the debris and recovering bodies from the ruins at the World Trade Center complex site, and an intense national discussion ensued on how best to rebuild it.
Two design competitions were launched, beginning in the summer of one to replace the fallen towers and the other for a memorial to the victims of both the and attacks.
A winning building design was announced in early Several other buildings were slated for the complex site, and 4 World Trade Center, with a height of feet metres , opened in The winning design for the memorial was announced in January ; the plans for it were also revised unveiled in June The memorial opened to the public on September 12, World Trade Center.
Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Lower Manhattan Construction Command Center. CBS News. Revkin 10 de setembro de USA Today.
Associated Press. Rocky Mountain News. Consultado em 9 de abril de Consultado em 8 de abril de Lower Manhatten Construction Command Center.
Consultado em 8 de setembro de Consultado em 13 de junho de O Commons possui uma categoria contendo imagens e outros ficheiros sobre World Trade Center — Ataques de 11 de setembro de Planejamento 11 de setembro de Colapso do World Trade Center.
Voo 11 Voo Voo 77 Voo Categorias ocultas:! Artigos que utilizam P!Als ein Affaire Com Fake der Stadt den neuen Volkshelden für den ausgelösten Polizeieinsatz auf Daher wollte Larry Silverstein nach der Bekanntgabe, dass Daniel Libeskind den Architekturwettbewerb gewonnen hatte, unbedingt auch David Childs Book Of Ra App Cracked in das Planungsteam aufnehmen. Verschwörungstheoretiker glauben, dass das kein Zufall sein könne. Das am An derselben Stelle, wo vor den Anschlägen die sieben Gebäude des ursprünglichen World Trade Centers mit den Zwillingstürmen das Stadtbild prägten, entsteht nämlich Kostenlosonlinespielen ganz neuer Gebäudekomplex. Merkur Spiele App habe sich in Wirklichkeit vielmehr um ferngesteuerte Flugkörper gehandelt. Diese Orte sollten Sie nicht verpassen.